Vietnam

Responsible production, taking into account biodiversity and environment protection is the future trend for a sustainable economy in Vietnam

Governance

Nationwide mobilization

Kick-off meeting

April 07, 2021

Hanoï

The BIODEV2030 initiative kick-off meeting provided a great opportunity to share the methodology, objectives, key activities and expected outputs of the scientific diagnosis to the participants including the BCA, representatives from the Vietnam Chamber of Commerce and Industry (VCCI) and from the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development (MARD). The participants provided constructive comments on the assessment and made recommendations for further activities under the BIODEV2030 project.

The kick-off meeting for the first scientific diagnosis under the BIODEV2030 Initiative in Vietnam on April 07, 2021

Diagnosis

Vietnam has been acknowledged as one of the nations with the highest level of biodiversity especially at ecosystem and species levels: it is home to over 50,000 fauna and flora species and at least 21 out of 25 of the world biomes (84.0%) and 60 out of 108 of the world ecosystem functional groups (55.5%) have been identified in Vietnam. 

The Southeast Asia country is endowed with favorable topography and climate conditions for both terrestrial and marine biodiversity, characterized by a long coastline (3,260 km), two main deltas, vast mountainous and hilly areas (75% of country’s area), as well as tropical and subtropical forest. 

Over the last decades, the development of intensive agriculture, plantations and a huge process of conversion of lands has led to a fragmentation of habitats and a disruption of flooded forests’ ecosystems which used to furnish important flood control services. Especially in the Mekong delta region, it is forecasted that 30 to 50% of the land could be inundated in half of the provinces in the next decades, under the process of global warming.

10%

Number of threatened vertebrates according to the IUCN red list (2021-1)

2.78 million hectares

Natural forest loss between 2000 and 2018 due to land conversion to other commodity areas

THREATS

Source: Assessing the biodiversity in Vietnam – Analysis of the impacts from the economic sectors. WWF-Vietnam (2021)

Biological use (hunting and collecting wildlife, timber logging and harvesting aquatic resources)
Forested land conversion especially for agriculture and aquaculture

Access to IBAT informations

Key points

As comprehensive actions to conserve biodiversity, it is time to mainstream biodiversity to national, sectoral and intersectoral policies, regulations and guarantee the law enforcement.

The model of voluntary commitment to biodiversity for economic sectors is considered a key towards the common goal of protecting and restoring nature while ensuring economic development. 

Besides the data gap on ecosystems and species, the lack of comprehensively identified and quantitative analyses of economic sectors’ impacts on biodiversity is a quite strong obstacle to a full understanding of threats to biodiversity in Vietnam. 

In-depth research and mapping of land use cover, for instance, could deliver a thinner comprehension of territorial dynamics and an intersectional analysis of factors of erosion. 

  • Forestry
  • Agriculture : aquaculture (shrimp and fish farming)

Report – Vietnam national biodiversity threat assessment (EN)

Policy brief – Recommendations to mainstream biodiversity into economic sectors in Vietnam (EN)

Access to all documentary resources of VIETNAM